Thursday, January 08, 2004

James Peacock These are some notes about James Peacock, who at the beginning of the First Anglo-Dutch War, was a captain. He eventually was promoted to be a Vice-Admiral, but was killed at the Battle of Scheveningen. The notes are all from various places in the Navy Records Society publication, The First Dutch War. All dates are "new style". In January 1652, James Peacock was a captain who commanded the frigate, the Tiger. On 2 June, he was ordered to the Downs, with his ship. Sometime in June, Captain Peacock had taken part in a fight with two Dutch warships, along with Captain John Taylor, in the Laurel. Captain Peacock was commended for his actions, while Captain Taylor was criticized. On 24 October, Captain Peacock and two other captains, in their ships, captured a Dutch 20-gun ship. On 9 November, a prize taken by Captain Peacock, the Morgenstar was to be renamed Plover, and was to be used as a warship. On 26 November 1652, there was a desire to give Captain Peacock command of a new frigate, when one was available. On 7 December, Captain Peacock was lying at Harwich, needing a new bowsprit for his ship. He was ordered to proceed to the Lee Road, and to obtain a bowsprit, there. He was to convoy what colliers were available, and have the three ships, Oak, Gillyflower, and Paul accompany him. A council of war was held, on 24 December 1652, on board Robert Blake's flagship, the Triumph. James Peacock was one of the attendees. They made some resolutions about how to correct the problems that were revealed at the Battle of Dungeness. For the Battle of Portland, James Peacock was a Vice-Admiral of the White, with his flag in the 2nd Rate, the Rainbow. The Admiral of the White was George Monck, with his flag in the 2nd Rate Vanguard. In early April, Deane and Monck gave Vice-Admiral Peacock the Triumph as his new flagship. The Triumph was available, as Deane and Monck now had the 1st Rate Resolution (88 guns) as their flagship. At the Battle of the Gabbard, 12 and 13 June 1653, James Peacock was Vice-Admiral of the Red. He was still in the Triumph. On 15 August 1653, James Peacock was listed as one of the English "captains" who was killed at the Battle of Scheveningen. Apparently, the custom was that Admirals functioned as captain of their own ship. He had commanded the Triumph, again, at Scheveningen.

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