Wednesday, January 14, 2004
Anthonis van Salingen and the First Anglo-Dutch War in the Mediterranean In mid-1652, Anthonis van Salingen was a senior captain in the Dutch Mediterranean fleet. He commanded the Amsterdam Admiralty ship, the Zon, 40 guns. After the English commodore Appleton was trapped in Livorno with his division, van Salingen was left, with a division of four ships, to guard him. By doing so, he missed the Battle of Monte Cristo between Commodore Badiley and the Dutch fleet commander, Johan van Galen. The English severely handled the Dutch, but ended in a moral collapse, where they escaped to Porto Logone, on the island of Elba. Badiley's flagship, the Paragon had lost her mainmast, and had been severely punished. Morale was low after the frigate Phoenix was lost. After Captain Salingen died on 30 November 1652 (probably an old style date), Cornelis Tromp became the commander. He had been disgraced by the English recapture of the Phoenix in Livorno harbor, in a daring raid. This information is largely from R.C. Anderson's article "The First Dutch War in the Mediterranean" in the November 1963 Mariner's Mirror. I also consulted Dr. Elias' book Schetsen uit de geschiedenis van ons zeewezen.