- J. C. De Jonge, Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche Zeewezen, Vol.III, 1869.
- Carl Stapel, unpublished manuscript "Vlootlijst slag bij Bevesier 10 juli 1690", 2005.
Thursday, January 26, 2006
Dutch Captain: Rudolf Swaan
Rudolf Swaan (or Rudolph Swaen) served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. He fought in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690, where he commanded the ship Noord Holland (44 guns). He was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen de Jongste's division. On 16 January 1697, he was one of five ships with Vice-Admiral Callenburgh, under the command of King Willem III, the winterfleet set sail from Portsmouth, England, headed for Biscaye to meet a merchant fleet. In a storm on 4 February, the ships belonging to captains van Wassenaer Starreburgh, Cornelis Jongknecht, and Jacob Teengs were damaged and in danger, while the ships of Rudolf Swaan and Jan Erasmus dragged their anchers and were lost, with 400 men. Sources: