1599 1603 demi-cannon (32pdr) 4 4 cannon perrier (24pdr) 4 - culverin (18pdr) 12 14 demi-culverin (9pdr) 12 16 saker (5-1/4pdr) 6 6 port piece (9pdr, stone) 4 2 fowler ? 4 2Port Pieces and Fowlers were breach loaders. Originally, they were built up iron. They fired stone shot. Peter Kirsch writes that port pieces fired a 9 pound shot. Fowlers often were used to fire small pieces of metal, in scatter shot fashion, as they were used to fire against borders. Fowlers originally fired a solid stone shot, perhaps as big as 5 pounds. The bore was smaller than a port piece, which was about 5.5 inches in diameter. Sources:
- E. H. H. Archibald, The Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy AD897-1984, 1987
- J. J. Colledge, Ships of the Royal Navy, 2nd Ed., 1987.
- Peter Kirsch, The Galleon: Great Ships of the Armada Era, 1990
- John Knox Laughton, State Papers Relating to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada Anno 1588, Vol.I, 1894
- Michael Oppenheim, History of the Administration of the Royal Navy, 1896