Saturday, March 25, 2006

The Harlingen (Friesland) Directors' ships

One question that I had not thought we would answer is the identity of the two Harlingen Directors' ships mentioned in the list in Vol.I of The First Dutch War. This was done from a translation, with corrections, of the list in Hollandsche Mercurious for 1652. There has been some wild variances in the spelling of one captain's name. I am currently using Ariaan Heeres Cleytien. Thanks to a handwritten document dating from September 1652, we know that he commanded the Vergulde Pelicaen (28 guns and a crew of 100 men). The other ship, the Sint Vincent, was commanded by Andries Douweszoon Pascaert. That ship also carried 28 guns but had a crew of 105 men. These ships are listed by captain in Hendrick de Raedt's pamphlet about the voyage to the Shetlands commanded by Tromp in July to August 1652. We still don't know dimensions and my never know them. Andries Douweszoon Pascaert was eventually courtmartialed for being disobedient during the Battle of the Gabbard and was dismissed from the service. Ariaan Heeres Cleyntien took over command of the Sint Vincent (which may have carried as many as 30 guns and had a crew of 100 men in later 1652 and beyond). He probably commanded her in the Battle of Scheveningen and was on the voyage to Norway in September to November 1653. He and his ship were lost off the Texel in the storm in early November 1653, when the fleet was caught outside and was not able to get into sheltered waters before the storm hit.
In a related note, it seemed initially that the ship Kameel was a Groningen Directors' ship. The First Dutch War would lead you to believe that Joost Bulter's ship was named the Stad en Lande (Town and Country). However, Dr. Elias and the list of ships at Vlissingen in July 1653 pretty clearly indicate that the ship lost at the Battle of the Gabbard in June was a ship belonging to the Admiralty of Friesland. This was a 42-gun ship that was newly completed.

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