Wednesday, August 31, 2005

Dutch Captain: Pieter Bonsart

Pieter Bonsart served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. He fought in the Battle of Lowestoft and commanded the ship Drie Helden Davids (50 guns). He was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen de Oude's 6th Squadron. On August 18, he was with the States' fleet, still in Cornelis Evertsen's squadron. The fleet was divided into four squadrons. On September 13, 1665, he was still in Cornelis Evertsen's squadron, in De Ruyter's fleet. At this date, the fleet was divided into two squadrons. He commanded the same ship all this time. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  2. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

An article about Philip van der Goes (UPDATED)

Our friend Andrew passed on an article, in Dutch, about the naval officer Philip van der Goes. This is based on my translation of that article:
Philips van der Goes (Delt 1651-for the river the Var 9 July 1707), Netherlands fleet commander, became a captain of the Admiralty of Amsterdam in 1678, in 1691 Schout bij Nacht, and in 1697 was appointed Vice-Admiral of the Admiralty of the Maze. He distinguished himself in the Battle of Cape La Hougue (29 May 1692) and commanded the Netherlands squadron in the combined fleet of Sir George Rooke, which, with many merchant ships, was attacked by Tourville near Lagos. In the War of the Spanish Succession, he was appointed as Schout-bij-Nacht and took part in the destruction of French ships convoying the Spanish silver fleet in Vigo Bay (23 October 1702). He died in 1707 on his flagship.
We also know that he commanded the following ships:
Date   Admiralty   Ship             Guns      Notes
  1688 Amsterdam   Sneek            36 guns
5/1692 Maze        Admiraal General 84 guns   Battle of Barfleur
  1696 Maze        Ridderschap      72 guns
  1702 Maze        Zeven Provincien 90 guns   Battle of Vigo

Tuesday, August 30, 2005

Dutch Captain: Balthazar van de Voorde

Balthazar van de Voorde served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. At the Battle of Lowestoft, he commanded the Zeelandia (38 guns). This was the ship built in 1643. He was assigned to Lt-Admiral van Wassenaer's First Squadron. We next see him in May 1672, when he commanded the Kruiningen (or Huis te Kruiningen) (56 guns). He fought in the Battle of Solebay, where he was assigned to Lt-Admiral Bankert's squadron. The Kruiningen had 5 men killed in the battle. On July 31st, 1672, he was assigned to Isaac Sweer's squadron. At that date, the Kruiningen carried 56 guns and had a crew of 184 sailors and 12 soldiers. Sources:
  1. R. C. Anderson, Journals and Narratives of the Third Dutch War, 1946.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.

Monday, August 29, 2005

The Admiralty of Friesland ship Breda

We are again indebted to Mr. Carl Stapel for this information about the Friesland ship Breda. This is based on A. Vreugdenhil's notes and from Schaap's article in the Jaarboek Fries Scheepvaartmuseum. "According to Schaap, the Breda was originally built for the VOC", but the ship was too small to be profitable, so "the Admiralty of Harlingen bought it".
Breda 1637

Admiralty:  Name:   Length: Beam: Guns:     In service:
Friesland   Breda   120     29    24        1637-1658

Armament  1658:  6-12pdr, 10-8pdr, 12-6pdr, and 4-4pdr

Het schip was oorspronkelijk voor de VOC gebouwd. 

Date     Captain               Guns Crew  Notes
  1637  Hendrik Jansz Camp    24   100   In the winter fleet
                                        The ship sailed very poorly.
                                         Het schip zeilde zeer slecht.
                                         At M. H. Tromp's request, the ship was
                                          paid off.
  1650  Hendrik Jansz Camp    24   100   Relief force sent to Brazilie 
  1652  Adriaan Bruynsveld
10/1652  Adriaan Bruynsveld   24    80   Battle of the Downs (Kentish Knock)
12/1653  Adriaan Bruynsveld   24    80   Battle of Dungeness
3/1653  Adriaan Bruynsveld    24    80   Three Days' Battle (Portland)
8/1653  Adriaan Bruynsveld    24    80   Battle of Ter Heide (Scheveningen)
7/1654  Stellingwerf
  1658  Adriaan Bruynsveld    32    80   Battle of the Sound

While fighting 2 or 3 Swedish ships at the Battle of the Sound, Brunsveldt was mortally wounded and the Swedes boarded the ship. The greater portion of the crew were drowned or made prisoners by the Swedes. The captors set the Breda on fire, but 14 of the crew who were left behind extinguished the fire and repaired the ship so that it was able to sail for Landskrona to rejoin Lt-Admiral Van Wassenaer.

Not mentioned after 1658

Sunday, August 28, 2005

Dutch Captain: Willem Hendrikszoon

Willem Hendrikszoon served the Admiralty of Zeeland. He commanded the Middelburg (50 guns) in 1672 and fought in the Battle of Solebay. He was assigned to Lt-Admiral Bankert's squadron. In June 1673, he commanded the frigate Goes (34 guns), but by the Battle of the Texel in August, he commanded the Dordrecht (50 guns). Sources:
  1. R. C. Anderson, Journals and Narratives of the Third Dutch War, 1946.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  3. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

Saturday, August 27, 2005

Dutch Captain: Leendert Kuiper

Leendert Kuiper served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. In August 1673, he fought in the Battle of the Texel, where he commanded the Wapen van Enkhuizen (72 guns). He took command as of June 7th. In the Battle of the Texel, he was in Bankert's squadron. In 1688, he commanded the frigate Mercurius (30 guns) . He was in the fleet that carried Willem III to England. Sources:
  1. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.
  2. J. C. De Jonge, Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche Zeewezen, Vol.III, 1869.

Blogger seems to be mangling characters

After my work in collecting Dutch captain posts, I can see that despite my efforts to use the correct HTML characters, Blogger is mangling the characters and nothing can be done. I will need to drop back to using unmodified characters and live with that. In particular, "e" and "o" with umlauts are being consistently mangled.

Friday, August 26, 2005

Dutch Captain: Michiel Kindt

Michiel Kindt served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. The first that he appears in the sources available to me is in July 1672, when he commanded the Dolphijn (82 guns). This was a large warship that might have been originally laid down for the French navy and had been completed in 1667. The crew was 310 sailors and 24 soldiers. We also know that he commanded the fluit Barkhout (12 guns) in De Ruyter's expedition to Martinique. The Barkhout carried 139 soldiers. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.

  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.

Thursday, August 25, 2005

Dutch Captain: Cornelis Bakker

Cornelis Bakker served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. He commanded the Pacificatie from June 7, 1673. He fought in the Battle of the Texel in August, where he was assigned to Jan de Haan's division. He operated with captains Jan Corneliszoon Poort and Pieter Klaaszoon Dekker. Unfortunately, he is not mentioned in the other sources that are available to me. Sources:
  1. Jaap R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

Wednesday, August 24, 2005

Dutch Captain: Jacob Roos

Jacob Roos served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. He lived from about 1640 until 1716. In commanded the ship Noorderkwartier (60 guns) in 1673 at the Schooneveld battles and the Battle of the Texel. In the latter battle, he was assigned to Isaac Sweers' division. In 1696, he commanded the Alkmaar (72 guns). Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  3. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

Dutch Naval Officer: George Johan van Weede

George Johan van Weede was born in Utrecht on 27 September 1627 and died on 27 May 1697. He was lord of Walenburgh. He was an army officer from 1663 until 1669. From 1669 to 1697, he was commandant of the regiment of marines. From 1662 until 1697, he was governor of Grave. He commanded in the Battle of Seneffe in 1674. On 26 November 1669, he was appointed as a colonel of the marines. In 1674, he was brigadier of marines. The Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier appointed him as lieutenant-admiral on 23 March 1678. This is based on my translation of the piece in Luc Eekhout's book Het Admiralenboek.

Tuesday, August 23, 2005

Dutch Captain: Willem van Ewijk

Willem van Ewijk served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. In 1673, he commanded the frigate Edam (36 guns). He fought in the Schooneveld battles and in the Battle of the Texel in August 1673. He was assigned to De Ruyter's division in the latter battle. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.
  3. Jaap R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

Monday, August 22, 2005

Dutch Captain: Simon van Panhuis

Simon van Panhuis had served as captain of the marines, and then as a naval captain, serving the Admiralty of the Maze. We know that he commanded the Zeelandia (42 guns) during 1673. The Zeelandia was rather new, having been completed in 1670. Her dimensions were 130ft x 33ft x 14ft. Simon van Panhuis was with the fleet in May 1673, and probably fought in the two Schooneveld Battles. In August, he fought in the Battle of the Texel. At the last battle, he was assigned to De Ruyter's division. In May 1673, the Zeelandia's crew consisted of 147 sailors and 23 soldiers. In August, her crew was 133 sailors and 13 soldiers. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.
  3. Jaap R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

Sunday, August 21, 2005

Dutch Captain: Pieter Karseboom (or Kerseboom)

Pieter Karseboom served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. He lived from 1643 until 1683. In August 1665, he commanded the Monnikendam (30 guns) in De Ruyter's fleet. At the St. James's Day Battle in 1666, he commadned the Wapen van Nassau (72 guns). He commanded the the Wapen van Nassau (later with 62 or 58 guns) at least until August 1673. He took part in the Raids on the Medway and Harwich in May and July 1667. He seems to have fought in the Schooneveld battles in 1673, and the Battle of the Texel in August. In June 1674, he commanded the fluit Prins te Paard (12 guns) in De Ruyter's expedition to Martinique. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  2. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.
  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Saturday, August 20, 2005

Dutch Captain: Cornelis van der Hoeven

Cornelis Jacobszoon van der Hoeven served the Admiralty of the Maze. In 1672, he commanded the snauw Faam (12 guns). He seems to have fought at the Battle of Solebay. In 1673, he commanded the frigate Schiedam (20 guns). He fought in the Schooneveld battles and the Battle of the Texel. He was assigned to De Ruyter's squadron at the latter battle (Kijkduin). He also participated in De Ruyter's expedition to Martinique in 1674, where he commanded the flute Juffrouw Katarina (9 guns). His ship transported 146 soldiers to Martinique. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  2. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.

The Zeeland frigate Delft (1659)

Mr. Carl Stapel has sent the results of his research about the Zeeland frigate Delft. He says that apparently Vreugdenhil was mistaken about the date that the Delft was built:
Delft frigate 1659

Adm Name        Length  Beam   Hold   Guns   In service
Z   Delft       116     28.5   11.5   34     1659–1683
  
Date    Captain                    Guns Sailors Soldiers Notes
4/1659 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       voyage to Portugal  
  1660 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge
2/1661 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       captured the ship of
                                                        Johan Collaert
                                                        in the Channel
4/1661 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       with De Ruyter in
                                                         the Mediterranean Sea
  1662 Cornelis Eversten de Jonge                       in the Mediterranean Sea
  1663 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       in Vlissingen in October
11/1663 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       convoyer to Cadiz
  1664 Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge                       convoyer to Cadiz
9/1664 Jan Matthijssen                                  convoyer to Malaga
                                                         and Cadiz       
6/1665  Jan Banckert              34   181              Battle of Lowestoft,
                                                         Jan Banckert killed
Date    Captain                    Guns Sailors Soldiers Notes
8/1665 Jan Matthijssen            34   119     46 
6/1666 Dirck Jobsz Kiela          36   122     45       Four Days' Battle
8/1666 Dirck Jobsz Kiela          34   169     -        St. James's Day Battle
2/1667 Dirck Jobsz Kiela          34  
  1668 Cornelis Evertsen de Jongste 34                  convoyer to the
                                                         Mediterranean Sea
  1671 Salomon le Sage            32    76     45       Patrolling in the Channel
5/1672 Simon Loncke               34                    Battle of Solebay
7-6/1673 Adriaan Bankcert de Jonge 34                    Schooneveld I
14-6/1673 Adriaan Banckert de Jonge 34                   Schooneveld II
8/1673 Adriaan Banckert de Jonge  34   120     11       Battle of the
                                                         Texel (Kijkduin)
6/1674 Adriaan Banckert de Jonge  32   120     89       to Martinique
1683  Geleyn Evertsen             34                    voyage to the Sound    

The ship was last mentioned in 1683.

Friday, August 19, 2005

Dutch Captains: Jan Uyttenhout and Pieter Janszoon Uyttenhout

Jan Uyttenhout served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. In 1652 and 1653, he operated with the Dutch fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. He commanded the ship Zutphen (36 guns), one of seven Amsterdam ships in the Mediterreanean in July 1652. In March of 1653, he fought at the Battle of Livorno. In June 1665, Pieter Janszoon Uyttenhout fought in the Battle of Lowestoft. Presumably, he was Jan's son, as his name implies. Pieter Janszoon Uyttenhout commanded the Groningen in 1665. He fought in the Four Days' Battle in June 1666, where he commanded the Landman (46 guns). His ship was burnt by a fireship on the fourth day and blew up. Of the crew of 230 men, 180 were killed, including Pieter Uyttenhout. Sources:
  1. R. C. Anderson, "The First Dutch War in the Mediterranean," The Mariner's Mirror, Vol.49, No.4, November 1963.
  2. C. T. Atkinson, Ed., The First Dutch War, Vol.IV, 1910.
  3. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript “Dutch Captains”, 2004.
  4. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Thursday, August 18, 2005

Dutch Captain: Willem Boudewijnszoon van Eyk

Willem Boudewijnszoon van Eyk served the Admiralty of the Maze during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In August 1665, he commanded the frigate Schiedam (25 guns) in De Ruyter's fleet. During 1666 and 1667, he commanded the frigate Kwartier van Nijmegen (or Nijmegen) (34 guns). He fought in the Four Days' Battle in June 1666. He was assigned to Jan de Liefde's division in that battle. At the St. James's Day Battle, he was assigned to Aert van Nes's division in De Ruyter's squadron. In May 1667, he took part in the Raid on Chatham. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.

  2. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.

  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Tuesday, August 16, 2005

Dutch Captain: Jan Krijnssen (or Crijnssen)

Jan Krijnssen served the Admiralty of Zeeland. He commanded the small frigate Schakerlo during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In June 1665, he fought in the Battle of Lowestoft, where he was assigned to Jan Evertsen's squadron. In August 1665, he was with De Ruyter's fleet. In 1666, he fought in the Four Days' Battle, where he was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen de Oude's squadron. Cornelis Evertsen de Jongste commanded the Schakerlo in the St. James's Day Battle. The Schakerlo had dimensions 106ft x 26ft x 10ft. She carried 30 guns in the Four Days' Battle: 8-8pdr, 5-brass 6pdr, 12-iron 6pdr, 3-4pdr, and 2-3pdr. Her crew in the battle was 105 sailors and 30 soldiers. She had 5 killed and 10 wounded. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.

  2. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

  3. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.

Monday, August 15, 2005

Dutch Captain: Jan Gijselszoon van Lier

Jan Gijselszoon van Lier served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. He died in 1675. In 1666, he commanded the frigate Asperen (34 guns). He fought in the Four Days' Battle and the St. James's Day Battle. He towed the Hollandia into Goeree on June 12th, 1666. In both battles, he was assigned to Cornelis Tromp's squadron. In 1667, he commanded the Tromp (or Muiltromp) and took part in the Raid on Chatham in May and the Raid on Harwich in July. He commanded the Leeuwen during the Third Anglo-Dutch War. He fought in the Battle of Solebay in May 1672. He was assigned to Van Ghent's squadron in the battle. He seems to have fought in the Schooneveld battles and the Battle of the Texel in 1673. He was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge's squadron at the Texel. Sources:
  1. R. C. Anderson, Journals and Narratives of the Third Dutch War, 1946.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  3. J. R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.
  4. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Sunday, August 14, 2005

The Dutch squadron on 15 September 1639

Thanks to Mr. Carl Stapel, we have a list of ships that fought in the Battle of the Downs:
Squadron of M.H. Tromp

Adm Ship              Guns Crew Rank       Commander
M   Aemilia           57   240  Lt-Admiral M.H. Tromp
M   Gelderland        34   120  Captain    Willem van Coulster
A   Frederik Hendrik  36   120  Captain    Pieter.Pietersz de Wint 
N   Sampson           32   120  Captain    Claesz Cornelisz Ham
N   Hollandse Tuin    32   120  Captain    L. Ysbrantsz Halffhoorn
    Deventer          28   110  Captain    Robert Post
    Omlandia          28    80  Captain    J. Gerbrandsz
    ?                 32   110  Captain    C. Ringhelsz
WIC Salamander        40   110  Capitein   L. Pz Bachuysen
N   Grote Christoffel 28    90  Captain    Frederick Pieterszoon
    Gideon            24   100  Captain    Hendrik. Jansz. Camp
    ?                 28   105  Captain    J. Paulusz

Squadron of Witte de With

Adm Ship                Guns Crew Rank          Commander
M   Maegd van Dordrecht 42   140  Vice-Admiral  Witte de With
A   Overijsel           24   100  Captain       Jacques Forant
A   Utrecht             30   120  Captain       Gerrit Meyndertsz den Uyl
    Sint Laurens        32    90  Captain       A. Dommertsz
A   Bommel              28    80  Captain       Sybrant Barentsz Waterdrincker

Squadron of Joost Banckert

Adm Ship                Guns Crew Rank          Commander
Z   Wapen van Zeeland   28   110  S B N         Joost Banckert
Z   Zeeridder           34   120  Captain       Frans Jansz. van Vlissingen
A   Zutphen             28   110  Captain       Joris van Cats
A   Walcheren           28   110  Captain       Jan Teunisz Sluys
N   Wapen van Holland   39   120  Captain       Lieve Cornelisz de Zeeuw
N   Neptunus            33   100  Captain       Albert 't Jonge Hoen
A   Amsterdam           10    60  Captain       Pieter Barentsz Dorrevelt
    Drenthe (jacht)     16    60  Captain       Gerrit Veen
F   Rotterdam           10    70  Captain       Joris Pietersz. van den Broeck   

Dutch Captain: Hendrik Vroom

Hendrik Vroom served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. He commanded the Huis Tijdverdrijf (60 guns) in De Ruyter's fleet in August 1665. He fought in the Four Days' Battle, where he commanded the Wakende Boei (46 guns). He was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen's squadron in that battle. He also fought in the St. James's Day Battle (the Two Days Battle) in August 1666. He again commanded the Wakende Boei and was assigned to Jan Evertsen's squadron. As best as I can tell from Brandt, Hendrik Vroom was killed in the St. James's Day Battle. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  2. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Saturday, August 13, 2005

Dutch Captain: Jacob Philipszoon (or Philips)

Presumably, Jacob Philips and Jacob Philipszoon are one in the same. Brandt seems to confirm that supposition. Jacob Philipszoon commanded the Zutphen (38 guns) in August 1665, in De Ruyter's fleet. Earlier, at the time of the Battle of Lowestoft, his ship was apparently lying in the Texel roads. At the Four Days' Battle in June 1666, he was Isaac Sweers' flag captain on the Gouda (72 guns). In May 1667, he commanded the frigate Brak (20 guns) in the Raid on Chatham. Jacob Philipszoon had the honor of receiving Sir George Ayscue's surrender on the Royal Prince on the third day of the Four Days' Battle. Sources:
  1. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  2. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.
  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.
  4. J. C. De Jonge, Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche Zeewezen, Vol.I, 1858.

Friday, August 12, 2005

Dutch Naval Officer: Willem de Zoete, Heer Haultain

This is based on my translation of the entry in Mollema's "Honor Roll", augmented with additional information from Het Admiralenboek and Mr. Carl Stapel's lists. I have corrected the birth date:
Willem de Zoete, Heer Haultain, served the Admiralty of Zeeland. He lived from 1565 until 26 September 1637. He died at Sluis. He served as a Lieutenant-Admiral from 1601-1627. In 1605, he commanded the Channel Fleet. His commanders took many Spanish ships. In 1606, he commanded two expeditions to the Spanish coast, and abandoned Reinier Claessen. In 1611 to 1612, he fought pirates in the Spanish sea. In 1618 and 1620-1621, he commanded expeditions to fight pirates in the Mediterranean Sea. In 1622, he was entrusted with defending Tholen. From 1623 to 1624, he was squadron commander in the Channel. From 1623 to 1625, he was commander of the naval forces of the Republic. In 1625, he commanded an expedition against La Rochelle. He fought two battles against Soubise, and distinguished himself. He was awarded a gold chain by the French king. In 1626, he was charged with the defense of Sluis. He left the service on 7 March 1627 and became governor of Sluis.
Sources:
  1. Luc Eekhout, Het Admiralenboek: De Vlagofficieren van de Nederlandse marine 1382-1991, 1992.
  2. J. C. Mollema, De Eere Rol, from Geschiedenis van Nederland ter Zee, Vol.II, 1940.

Thursday, August 11, 2005

Dutch Captains named Pieter de Sitter

I am not sure that I can separate Pieter Corneliszoon de Sitter from Pieter Thomaszoon de Sitter from 1667 until 1676. We know fairly definitively that Pieter Thomaszoon de Sitter was flag captain to Abraham van der Hulst at the Four Days' Battle. The Spiegel (68 guns) was Abraham van der Hulst's flagship in that battle. Abraham van der Hulst was killed in the battle. Based on Brandt's biography of De Ruyter, I have attributed all the commands to Pieter Corneliszoon de Sitter. Pieter Corneliszoon de Sitter commanded Jaarsveld (or Huis te Jaarsveld) in the Raid on Chatham and the Raid on Harwich in 1667. In May 1672, he commanded the Agatha in the Battle of Solebay. In May and June 1673, he commanded the Agatha in the Schooneveld battles. He also fought in the Battle of the Texel in August 1673. In June 1674, he commanded the Beschermer in De Ruyter's expedition to Martinique. In 1675 and 1676, he commanded the Zuiderhuis in De Ruyter's fleet sent to the Mediterranean Sea. He was killed in 1676. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.
  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Wednesday, August 10, 2005

Dutch Captain: Jacob Pauw

Jacob Pauw served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. In 1666, he commanded the Stavoren, and fought in the Four Days' Battle and the St. James's Day Battle. At the Four Days' Battle he was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen's squadron. At the St. James's Day Battle, Jan Evertsen commanded his late brother's squadron. In 1667, Jacob Pauw commanded the English prize Essex, which had been captured in the Four Days' Battle. The Dutch apparently retained the name Essex, rather than renaming her, as they did the Swiftsure. He took part in the Raid on Chatham in May and the Raid on Harwich in July. The Essex was wrecked after a relatively short service in the Dutch navy. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.

  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.

  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Tuesday, August 09, 2005

Dutch Captain: Wouter Wijngaarden

Wouter Wijngaarden served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. He fought in the Four Days' Battle, where he commanded the Haarlem (44 guns). This was an old ship built in 1644. Wouter Wijngaarden was assigned to Jan Corneliszoon Meppel's squadron. It is not clear when he was killed, from the sources that I have. On the first day, Meppel's squadron initially fought with Sir George Ayscue's squadron. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.
  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Monday, August 08, 2005

Eenarn or Renaren?

I had assumed that Jan Pieterszoon Renaren and Jacob Pieterszoon Eenarm were the same, that it was simply a matter of interpreting handwritten Dutch. After the note about Jan Pietersz Deught, who served the Directors of Medemblik, who was chosen as kapitein of the Sint Jeronimus on 23 April 1652, I need to reassess the situation. I also know that Hendrik de Raedt's pamphlet from late 1652 lists a Captain Jacob Pieterszoon Eenarm as captain of a Medemblik Directors' ship of 30 guns and a crew of 110 men. This pamphlet seems to have been one of the sources used in the 1652 Hollandsche Mercurius list that was republished in The First Dutch War, Vol.I. The First Dutch War, Vol.III, page 47, has a letter from Tromp, dated November 16th, 1652, saying that he had ordered the Sint Jeronimus paid off. Dr. Elias, in Schetsen uit de Geschiedenis van ons Zeewezen, Vol.IV, page 27, sayst that the crew rebelled against going to sea in the Sint Jeronimus, and that was what prompted Tromp to order the ship paid off. The ship was apparently was unseaworthy. The date seems to have been about a week earlier than that reported in The First Dutch War. Dr. Elias is silent on the captain's name.

Sunday, August 07, 2005

Dutch Captain: Johan Belgicus, graaf van Hoorne

Johan Belgicus, graaf van Hoorne, served the Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier. He had been a midshipman in 1663 and a captain in 1666. In 1664, he had served under De Ruyter in the Mediterranean Sea and on the Guinea coast. In 1666, he commanded the Gelderland in the Four Days' Battle and the St. James's Day Battle. In 1672, he fought in the Battle of Solebay, where he commanded the Westfriesland (78 guns). Later in 1672 until 1673, he served as a lieutenant-colonel of Marines on "the waterline". In 1674, he served under De Ruyter on the expedition to Martinique. He must have been serving as a marine or soldier, as he did not command a ship. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  3. J. C. Mollema, De Eere Rol, from Geschiedenis van Nederland ter Zee, Vol.II, 1940.

Saturday, August 06, 2005

Dutch Captain: Floris Floriszoon Bloem

Floris Floriszoon Bloem served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. In August 1665, he commanded the Groote Harder (38 guns). He was assigned to Cornelis Evertsen's squadron. In 1666, he commanded the Zon (or Vergulde Zon) (44 guns). this was the old ship built in 1640 that had seen hard service in the First Anglo-Dutch War, and at the Battle of the Sound in 1658. In 1666, he fought in the Four Days' Battle and the St. James's Day Battle. At the Four Days' Battle, he was assigned to Abraham van der Hulst's division. In the St. James's Day Battle, he was assigned to Jan Evertsen's squadron. In July, 1667, he took part in the Raid on Harwich, where he again commanded the Groote Harder (32 guns). Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedrijif van den Heere Michiel de Ruiter, 1687.
  3. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.
  4. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Friday, August 05, 2005

Dutch Captain: Ariaen Heeres Cleijntie

I hope that I have not duplicated this, and I can't tell from Google. Thanks to Mr. Carl Stapel, we know more about Ariaen Heeres Cleijntie (there are many spellings of his name). He was born about 1610 and served in the VOC from the age of 18 until 1652. In early 1652, he was appointed to command the Vergulde Pelicaen (28 guns and a crew of 100 men) by the Harlingen Directors (in Friesland). He was present on Tromp's voyage to the Shetlands in July and August 1652. Later the war, in 1653, he commanded a different ship, the Sint Vincent. In April, he sailed with Witte de With, apparently from the Texel. He seems to have fought in the Battle of the Gabbard and the Battle of Scheveningen. He was with Witte de With's fleet in the convoy from Norway. His ship was lost in the storm. Sources:
  1. Carl Stapel, personal communication, May 22, 2005.
  2. C. T. Atkinson, Ed., The First Dutch War, Vol. VI, 1930.

  3. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript “Dutch Captains”, 2005.

  4. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.

  5. Dr. S.R. Gardiner, Ed., The First Dutch War, Vol.I, 1898.

Thursday, August 04, 2005

Dutch Captain: Adriaan Laurenszoon Poort

Adriaan Laurenszoon Poort served the Admiralty of the Maze. He had fought in the Four Days' Battle as second captain on Aert van Nes's flagship, the Eendracht (76 guns). He was probably in the St. James's Day Battle, as well. In May and June 1673, he fought in the Schooneveld battles, in command of the Schieland (60 guns). He also was at the Battle of the Texel, still in command of the Schieland (now carrying 58 guns). He was assigned to Isaak Sweer's division. In June 1674, he commanded the Schieland (60 guns) in De Ruyter's expedition to Martinique. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt,Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.
  3. Jaap R. Bruijn, De Oorlogvoering ter zee in 1673 in Journalen en Andere Stukken, 1966.
  4. H.A. van Foreest and R.E.J. Weber, De Vierdaagse Zeeslag 11-14 Juni 1666, 1984.

Wednesday, August 03, 2005

Dutch Captain: Cornelis van Hogenhoeck

Cornelis van Hogenhoeck (the spelling may vary) served the Admiralty of Amsterdam. He fought in the Battle of Lowestoft in the Vereenigde Provinciƫn (48 guns). He also took part in operations in August. He commanded the Zuiderhuis (50 guns) in 1666. He fought in the Four Days' Battle in June and the St. James's Day Battle (July 25th 1666, old style). The Vereenigde Provinciƫn was an old ship, having been built in 1643. Her dimensions were 128ft x 31.5ft x 12ft. The Zuiderhuis was built in 1653, as part of the First Anglo-Dutch War building program. Her dimensions were 130ft x 32ft x 13.5ft. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.

  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.
  3. Frank Fox, A Distant Storm: the Four Days' Battle of 1666, 1996.

Tuesday, August 02, 2005

An obscure piece of information: Pieter Emmekens

Mr. Carl Stapel asked me if I had heard of Pieter Emmekins and the ship het Vliegende Postpaert. It turns out that the captain and ship are listed in the Staet van Oorlog te Water for the year 1629. That document is handwritten, and the names are often hard to read. I had guessed it was Pieter Emmeheis, but Emmekens seems very plausible. I had not seen a 3.5pdr gun listed before this. Jan Glete says that steenstukken were swivels:
Ship    Postpaert (or Vliegende Postpaert)
Captain Pieter Emmekens
18 guns crew 70 sailors

Admiralty of the Maze
built in 1624
a vessel of 90 lasts.
Guns: 4-8pdr, 2-6pdr, 6-5pdr, 4-4pdr, 2-3.5pdr, and 4-steenstukken.

Monday, August 01, 2005

Dutch Captain: Adriaan van Cruiningen

Adriaan van Cruiningen served the Admiralty of Zeeland. He commanded the frigate Ter Goes (30-34 guns) at the Battle of Lowestoft and in August 1665. He fought in the St. James's Day Battle, where he commanded the Dordrecht (49 guns). In 1671, he commanded the Veere (or Kampveere) (50 guns). He also fought in the Battle of Solebay, in May 1652, and continued in command in July and September 1672. That is the last that my sources mention him. Sources:
  1. James C. Bender, unpublished manuscript "Dutch Ships 1600-1700", 2005.
  2. Gerard Brandt, Het Leven en Bedryf van den Heere Michiel De Ruiter, 1687.

Google SiteSearch

Google
  Web anglo-dutch-wars.blogspot.com

Lotto System

Facebook

James Cary Bender's Facebook profile

Amazon Ad

Amazon Ad

Amazon Context Links